This discussion strategy uses writing and silence as tools to help students explore a topic in depth. In a silent debate discussion, students write out their responses to a stimulus, such as a question, a prompt, a quotation. This process slows down students’ thinking and gives them an opportunity to focus on the views of others. It also creates a visual record of students’ thoughts and questions that you can refer to later during a subsequent lesson. This strategy engages students who are not as likely to participate in a verbal discussion and helps make sure all students listen carefully to the ideas of their classmates. (Adapted from the website, Facing History and Ourselves: Big Paper: Building a Silent Conversation)
Select the “stimulus” or prompt to which students will respond. The stimulus could be a provocative question, a text or visuals from the theme of the unit.
Introduce the silent conversation by first modeling the procedure for students using a think-aloud, next by modeling with a strong student, and finally by asking 2 or three students to carry out the task as the teacher guides the process.
Distribute a large paper with the “stimulus” or prompt written in the center to each pair of students. Provide a different colored pencil or marker for each student.
Be certain that students understand that the conversation will be carried out in silence.
After students have had time to read the prompt or study the visual, they comment on the prompt and ask questions of one another by writing and sharing the paper back and forth. The entire conversation takes place on the paper. Students are encouraged to draw lines connecting a comment to a particular question.
Finally, the teacher conducts a debriefing session asking students to consider what they learned from the activity and using the responses to prompt deeper thinking on the theme.
Be sure that the prompt or question is open-ended so that it spurs thinking and conversation among the students.
Make a large sign in the target language reminding students that the debate is silent.
An alternative the on-paper version of this activity is to have students use a technology-based tool like Google docs to type their conversations instead. This is especially useful for non-alphabetic languages.
The teacher might provide sentence frames, question starters, and a thematic word wall section as scaffolds for students who need additional support.
Students who are at the novice proficiency level can carry out the silent conversation at the word and phrase level.
Once each pair has completed their silent conversation, they circulate to read and comment on their classmates’ work. During this phase, they can write comments, ask questions and thoughts on their classmates’ papers.
After 10 minutes, one student from each group travels silently around the room visiting other groups and is allowed to "steal" ideas to then bring back and add into their own "debate".
Large paper or large poster-size sticky notes (or a technology alternative like Google Docs)
A “stimulus” or prompt such as a question, quotation, except from a text, authentic visual from the target culture Different colored pencils or markers for each person in a conversation group